CHP2 Chemistry of Life

Compounds in which other molecules h o n s etc or

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Unformatted text preview: dsprimary • Carbonhydrates, lipids (fats), proteins, & nucleic acids • ‘Carbon backbones’ form the basic structure of o.compounds, in which other molecules (H, O, N, S, etc.) or functional groups functional (small clusters of atoms) bond to 4 valence e(small Carbohydrates~ • ‘Hydrophilic’ o.compound; (CH2O)n n= # of C atoms, 2:1 H:O • Sugars= sacchar-, -ose • Monosaccharides= simple sugars; glucose, fructose, galactose simple glucose fructose galactose mainly released by digestion of lrgr molecules mainly • Ribose & deoxyribose molecules of RNA (ribonucleic acid) & Ribose DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid DNA Carbohydrates (cont.) Carbohydrates Carbohydrate structure (cont.)~ • Disaccharides= 2 monosaccharides; sucrose, lactose, monosaccharides; maltose maltose • Polysaccharides= llong chains of glucose; glycogen, starch, ong cellulose…starch & cellulose produced by plants cellulose…starch • Glycogen- energy-storage molc formed in liver, muscles, energy-storage brain, uterus, & vagi...
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2014 for the course ZOO 250 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at S.E. Louisiana.

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