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Unformatted text preview: synovial joints important throughout life
• Loss of flexibility (range of motion) w/ age, rheumatoid arthritis, etc. • Exercise and articular cartilage (insight 9.1) Cartilaginous & synovial joints
Cartilaginous Synovial Joints
General structure of a synovial joint~
• Cavity w/ fluid that nourishes/removes wastes of articulating
cartilage; bones covered w/ articular cartilage
• Fibrous jnt capsule encloses cavity & outer fibrous capsule is
continuous w/ periosteum
• Synovial membrane of areolar tissue secretes fluid
• Meniscus= pad btw articulating bones to absorb
shock/pressure, guides bones across each other, distributes
force across entire jnt
• Tendons, ligaments, & bursae common in synovial joints
• Remember tendons/ligaments are made of dense regular
connective tissue (tough collagen fibers)
connective • Bursae= fibrous sac filled w/ synovial fluid found btw muscles
or where tendons pass over bone
• Also form tendon...
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2014 for the course ZOO 250 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at S.E. Louisiana.
- Fall '08