SOC 2 - Chpt 6 Outline - Poverty I The Extent of Poverty a...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 8 pages.

Poverty I. The Extent of Poverty. a. Defining Poverty. 1. social stratification: “the ranking of people into a hierarchy in which the resources considered valuable by society are unequally distributed” 2. poverty: “an uneven distribution of the resources available” ii.Absolute Deprivation 1. Absolute definition of poverty: “it establishes a fixed economic level below which people are considered poor, & this level does not necessarily change as society on the whole becomes more or less affluent” 2. The poverty level is a chain of income cutoffs based on aspects that can boost a family’s cost of living, like the size of the family. iii.Relative Deprivation 1. Relative definition of poverty: people are poor because of some reason, & that reason is somewhat shaped by the lifestyles of other citizens. 2. People compare what they have to others & judge their lives based on that comparison. iv.Cultural Definitions 1. Cultural definition of poverty: “views poverty not only in terms of how many resources people have, but also in terms of why they have failed to achieve a higher economic level” b. The Extent of Poverty in the United States. i.Using the relative definition of poverty, the poor are worse off today compared to 50 years ago. ii.In the last 40 years, the poor have gotten poorer & the rich gotten richer. iii.Poverty has become more dysfunctional for the individual & society, with the drug epidemic & the increase in homelessness delaying efforts to
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

defeat poverty & dealing with society with crucial challenges. c. A Global View of Poverty. i.Compared to other wealthy nations in the world, the U.S income dispersal is uneven. ii.Movements of the past century made higher levels of inequality in the U.S while the trend in Britain has been for reducing levels of inequity. II. Who Are the Poor? a. Social Characteristics. i.Racial & Ethnic Minorities 1. The majority of the poor in the U.S are white. 2. The motives for the racial & ethnic differences are intricate & a key factor in all cases has been discrimination & oppression. a. Ex: Hispanics have experienced a great deal of discrimination while trying to make a living in the U.S. ii.Children 1. 35% of the poor are children under 18 years of age & the majority of them live in single-parent families headed by women. a. A reason for this is changes in the family structure in the U.S which are higher divorce rates, more female-headed families, & more children born to unmarried women. iii.The Elderly 1. Poverty rate among the elderly is low but it is much hi8gher for African American, Hispanic American, & elderly women.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern