WGS MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE2 - WGS MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE A SEX...

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WGS MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE A. SEX & SEXUALITY: A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE THE HISTORY OF SEX ACCORDING TO THE FILM o The main focus of the film is sex and the progression of sexuality. o In the past, sex was not openly talked about but today it is openly accepted. Women can vote today, and people are more educated. o Talked about cyber sex= safe sex, sexual chats. o The bill Clinton scandal. o The pill was introduced. Women had the control if they wanted to be pregnant. o Gay rights movement. o The great depression suppressed people’s sex drive. Birth rates dropped. o 1916 – 1961. Increase of child abuse, peak occurred 1956, and incest. (Women did not like to talk about this. So number can be underrated.) o Incest and child abuse decreased during World War 1 and 2 but increased after the wars ended. THE STUDY OF SEX PRIOR TO KINSEY - sex research in 1890-1940 was regarded as a moral issue - physicians (without training in sexuality)spoke with authority on aspects of human sexuality. - Academic discussion of human sexuality was confined to lectures in hygiene-type courses - STDs were more prevalent after wars. THE FOCUS OF KINSEY’S RESEARCH AND ITS IMPACT - in 1938, Kinsey was invited to coordinate and direct a new university course on marriage and family - To Kinsey, sex represented an unexplored new field where comparatively little was known. - Kinsey initially used printed surveys to gather the sexual history of his students. - Kinsey challenged most of the assumptions about sexual activity in the United States - He published his research findings that detailed the actual sexual practices of Americans - He treated all sexual activities as more or less within the range of human behavior. ARTICLE: “ ARE WE HAVING SEX NOW OR WHAT?” - Author: Greta Christina - “normal sex” is defined as: - what is sex defined as? One person thinking they are having sex? - What qualifies as having sex? - Feeling sexual versus being sexual versus having sex
- If you thought it was sex, then it was - Perhaps having sex with someone is the conscious, consenting, mutually acknowledged pursuit of shared sexual pleasure. - It is broad enough to encompass a lot of sexual behavior beyond genital contact/orgasm; it is distinct enough to not include every instance of sexual awareness or arousal; and it contains the items I feel are vital— acknowledgement, consent, reciprocity, and the pursuit of pleasure. - Sex as the conscious, consenting, mutually acknowledged pursuit of sexual pleasure of at least one of the people involved. - If there’s no consent, it isn’t sex - Plenty of gray area B. SEX & GENDER AS CATEGORIES OF DIFFERENCE ARTICLE: “WHO WILL MAKE ROOM FOR THE INTERSEXED?” - Genital reconstruction surgery became standard practice in the United States through the efforts of John Money - Money introduced the theory that children are not born with a gender identity, but rather from an understanding of gender through their social upbringing.

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