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point tenderness ss 3rd degree sprain stress

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Unformatted text preview: d Fractures Fractures Avulsion – Tearing away of a ligament or tendon Tearing attachment attachment – Easily missed as ligament injury – Forceful contraction – Obvious deformity w/ large tendons – P!, point tenderness, S/S 3rd Degree sprain Stress Fractures Stress Overuse Injuries – Common in lower extremities – Chronic/repetitive stress – Nondescript initial findings – Osteolast activity outweighs osteoblast activity – May be attributed to a recent change in May surface/activity/footwear surface/activity/footwear Neurovascular Pathologies Neurovascular Neuropraxia – Mildest – Stretching of epineurium and myelin sheath Axonotmesis – – – Disruption of the nerve’s axon, epineurium intact Longer duration than neuropraxia Wallerian Degeneration—degeneration of a nerve’s Wallerian axon that has been severed from the body axon Neurotmesis – Most severe, complete disruption – Poor prognosis, usually involves other structures Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Reflex Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Exaggerated, generalized pain/response after Exaggerated, injury injury – Unduly intense p! that is out of proportion with the Unduly injury injury – Common Findings (only dx by physician) P! out of proportion with injury Hypersensitive areas Edema Decreased motor function Dermatologic alteration Vasomotor complications (Raynaud’s, hyperhydrosis, etc) Skeletal changes...
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