SOC 2 - Chpt 7 Outline - Race Ethnic Relations I Minority...

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Race & Ethnic Relations I. Minority Groups. i. Minority group: “a group whose members share distinct physical or cultural characteristics; are denied access to power & resources available to other groups; & are accorded fewer rights, privileges & opportunities” 1. It refers to one’s position in the stratification system in society. b. Race & Ethnicity. i. Race: “a group of people who are believed to be a biological group sharing genetically transmitted traits that are defined as important” ii. Ethnic group: “a people who share a common historical & cultural heritage & sense of group identity & belongingness” c. Racism. i. : “the view that certain racial or ethnic groups are biologically inferior & that practices involving their domination & exploitation are therefore justified” II. Sources of Prejudice & Discrimination. i. Prejudice: “an irrational attitude toward certain people based solely on their membership in a particular group” ii. Discrimination: “behavior, particularly unequal treatment of people because they are members of a particular group” iii. Combinations of prejudice & discrimination: 1. Unprejudiced nondiscriminator: accepts other ethnic or racial groups in both belief & practice. 2. Prejudiced discriminator: has negative feelings toward a certain group & translates these feelings into unequal treatment of those people in that group. 3. Prejudiced nondiscriminator: one who is prejudiced against members of some groups but doesn’t turn those feelings into discriminatory actions. 4. Unprejudiced discriminator: treats the members of some groups unequally because it’s convenient or advantageous to do so. b. Social Sources. i. Ethnocentrism
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1. : “the tendency to view one’s own group or culture as an in-group that follows the best & the only proper way to live” 2. In-group: “a group toward which we feel positively & with which we identify & that produces a ‘we’ feeling” 3. If ethnocentrism gets out of hand, it can generate social disorganization in the form of hostility, conflict, & discrimination→ threaten the social order. ii. Competition 1. The more strongly groups compete, the more threatening each group becomes to the other & the more likely negative & harsh views are to emerge. iii. Socialization 1. People are inclined to adopt the prejudiced beliefs, norms & values that are considered appropriate in the groups they belong to. iv. Institutionalized Discrimination 1. : “the inequitable treatment of a group resulting from practices or policies that rare incorporated into social, political, or economic institutions & that operate independently from the prejudices of individuals” a. One form of this is the use physical size requirements as qualifications for certain jobs.
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  • Spring '12
  • VeraKennedy
  • Minority group

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