SOC 2 - Chpt 4 Outline - Health And Illness I Perspectives...

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Health And Illness I. Perspectives on Health Care. Pgs 86-89 a. The Functionalist Perspective. Pg 86 i.Disease is viewed as a social problem when it threatens the ability of a group to survive & prosper. ii.Sick role: “a set of expectations intended to guide the behavior of people who are ill” 1. People who have this role are excused from their normal role obligations depending how bad the illness is & they can claim aid & sympathy from others. iii.Function of health-care system→ to return people to normal social functioning. 1. The system develops into a social problem when it’s not successful in performing this function efficiently. iv.The profit-making dimension of the health-care system isn’t well included with & may work against the goal of achieving the highest level possible of health. b. The Conflict Perspective. Pg 87 i.People with higher social & economic standing in society have greater access to resources like adequate food & good health care & they’re healthier than the less wealthy. ii.What benefits one group such as low health-care costs for the consumer, will end up being a disadvantage for the other groups of people like nurses & doctors. 1. When one group gains benefits, another group looses something. c. The Interactionist Perspective. Pg 87 i.We attach social meanings, which may be negative, to several illnesses & we expect people to behave in conformity to those meanings. ii.Health-care is considered a social problem when it creates stigmatized & devalued behavior or self-concepts among either the providers or the consumers of health care. d. Politics, Stigma, and the AIDS Epidemic. Pg 88 i.The AIDS Epidemic spread in the U.S part because society failed to show a serious interest in attacking it when it first emerged.
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ii.The impact of cultural & social forces on the treatment of the ill is evident especially in seriously threatening diseases. 1. Ex. Ancient Babylonians had a different view of disease which they saw as a punishment for wickedness & sin. iii.Reasons for delay in the attack of AIDS: 1. Stigmatization of the supposedly unclean or morally suspect clearly played a role→ the disease was linked with homosexuality & illegal drug use. 2. Reagan administration’s policy of smaller government & greater austerity in social & health programs. 3. Urban politics→ NYC had the biggest # of AIDS cases in the country but the mayor, Edward Koch, didn’t do anything about it for several years. 4. The politics of gay community’s figured into the delay. iv.Once the cause of the disease & the mode of transmission were established, things were done to control it. II. Health, Illness, and Society. Pgs 89-96 a. Health and Societal Development. Pg 89 i.Acute diseases: “those with fairly quick, & sometimes dramatic & incapacitating, onset & from which a person either dies or recovers” ii.Chronic diseases: “progress over a long period of time & often exist long before they are detected” 1. Ex. Heat disease & cancer iii.The declining death rate & increasing life expectancy can be
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  • Spring '12
  • VeraKennedy
  • pg, Medical Services

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