Ayyubid and Mongol; 909 - 1258

genghis khan and the making of the mongol empire

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Unformatted text preview: ath Saladin displaced the Shi’ite Fatimid Dynasty in Egypt. • Turned Egypt into the center of the Islamic world. • Defeated the third crusade, recaptured Jerusalem (1187) and reunited the territories from Egypt to Mesopotamia and Palestine, • Ayyubids gradually declined giving way to the Mamluk Sultanate in 11..? • Genghis Khan and the Making of the Mongol Empire Genghis Khan • Pronounce Chinggis, meaning “universal ruler” • Unified Mongol tribes through conquest and Alliance Mongol political organization • Organized new military units and broke up tribal affiliations • • chose high officials based on talent and loyalty Established capital at Katakorum Mongol strategy: • horsemanship, archers, mobility • psychological warfare Mongol conquest of northern China • Genghis Khan, Mongols raided the Jurchen in north China beginning in 1211 • controlled north China by 1220 • south china was still ruled by the song dynasty Mongol conquest of Persia • Genghis Khan tried to open trade and diplomatic relations with Saljuq vassal Khwarazmian Dynasty, rulers of Persia, 1218 • Upon being rejected, Genghis Khan led force to pursue the Khwarazm • • Mongol forces destroyed Persia citie...
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