SOCIO-ECONOMIC EFFECTS ON CRIME PP.pptx - SOCIO-ECONOMIC...

This preview shows page 1 out of 15 pages.

Unformatted text preview: SOCIO-ECONOMIC EFFECTS ON CRIME INTRO Crime in America: What’s the source? What factors are most prominent in explaining the amount of crime in America? HYPOTHESIS It is my belief that Socioeconomic status is the most significant demographic effecting American crime. PROPERTY AND VIOLENT CRIMES LOOK LIKE ? CRIME STATISTICS PER 100,000 PEOPLE 219.9 81.6 42.6 5 250.2 340.5 LARCENY/THEFT MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT MUREDER/NON-NEGLIGENT MANSLAUGHTER 1549.5 BURGLARY ROBBERY AGGRAVATED ASSAULT RAPE DETRACTORS TO CRIME REPORTING Law enforcement agencies are not required to report their arrest statistics. Diminished relationships between LEAs and the communities they serve. Unreported crimes for various reasons. Unanswered or ignored U.S. Census reports, questionaires, and surveys. WHAT ARE THE DEMOGRAPHICS? AGE RACE/ETHNICITY GENDER SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS (SES) AGE OF OFFENDERS CRIMINALS BY AGE 1,200,000 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0 Property Crime Index All ages 0 to 17 18 & older Violent crimes* 10 to 17 0 to 14 15 to 17 18 to 20 21 to 24 25 & older GENDER ROLES IN CRIME STATISTICS RACE THE SURFACE OF INJUSTICE Chart Title 100 100 100 0 10 20 30 40 WHITE AMERICAN INDIAN/ALASKA NATIVE ASIAN 50 60 70 80 BLACK/AFRICAN AMERICAN HISPANIC/LATINO NATIVE HAWAIIAN/OTHER PACIFIC ISLANDER There are 330,716,610 people in the US, 60.1% are white, 12.2% are black, 18.5% are Hispanic, and 5.6% are Asian, with the remaining 3.7% being . 90 SES CRIME RELATED STATISTICS WHAT MAKES UP SES INCOME EDUCATION OCCUPATION EDUCATION: RECIPE FOR SUCCESS OR DISASTER HIGHER COST OF LIVING=INCREASED FUNDING=LOWER CRIME RATES=HIGHER EDUCATION LOWER COST OF LIVING=MINIMAL FUNDING=HIGHER CRIME RATES=LOWER EDUCATION SES A VISCOUS CYCLE This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-SA 1st Point: The relationships between the community and the LEAs in areas of higher SES promote less crime. 2nd Point: The relationship between the community and the LEAs in areas of lower SES promote more crime CONCLUSION Socio-Economic Status has a direct and supreme impact on crime rates in America REFERENCES APA.org, (2010). American Psychological Association. Violence and socio-economic status. Retrieved from: Violence & Socioeconomic Status (apa.org) Avdija, A. S., & Giever, D. M. (2012). Examining the Effect of Selected Demographic Characteristics on Crime-Reporting Behavior (Links to an external site.). Journal Of Alternative Perspectives In The Social Sciences, 4(4), 790–821. Berzofsky, m., SmileyMcDonald, H., Moore, A., & Krebs, C., (2015). Measuring Socioeconomic Status (SES) in the NCVS: Background, Options, and Recommendations. Retrieved from: Measuring Socioeconomic Status (SES) in the NCVS: Background, Options, and Recommendations (ncjrs.gov) Brown, E. and Males, M., (2011). Does Age or Poverty Level Best Predict Criminal Arrest and Homicide Rates? A Preliminary Investigation. Retrieved from: Microsoft Word - brown and males age or poverty final (cjcj.org) Census.gov, (2020). U.S. and World population clock. Retrieved from: Population Clock (census.gov) FBI.gov, (2020). FBI Releases 2019 Crime Statistics. Retrieved from: FBI Releases 2019 Crime Statistics — FBI FBI.gov, (2020). FBI Releases 2019 NIBRS Crime Data. Retrieved from: FBI Releases 2019 NIBRS Crime Data — FBI FBI: UCR, (2020). 2019 Crime in the United States. Table 43. Arrest by race and ethnicity. Retrieved from: FBI — Table 43 KFF.org, (2019). Population Distribution by Race/Ethnicity. Retrieved from: Population Distribution by Race/Ethnicity | KFF Lofstrom, M. & Raphael, S., (2016). Crime, the Criminal Justice System, and Socioeconomic Inequality. Retrieved from: Crime, the Criminal Justice System, and Socioeconomic Inequality (iza.org) OJJDP.gov, (2020). Estimated number of arrests by offense and age group, 2019 Gender: All. Retrieved from: Arrests by offense, age, and gender (ojjdp.gov) Pewresearchcenter.org, (2020). Theft is most common property crime; assault is most common violent crime. Retrieved from: Theft is most common property crime, assault is most common violent crime | Pew Research Center Pieszko, G., (2016). The influence of socio - economic factors on crime. IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS) Volume 21, Issue 9, Ver. 6 (Sep. 2016) PP 18-21 e-ISSN: 22790837, p-ISSN: 2279-0845. Retrieved from: *C2109061821.pdf (iosrjournals.org) Statista.com, (2020). Number of violent crime victims in the United States from 2005 to 2019, by age. Retrieved from: • U.S. violent crime victims, by age 2019 | Statista UMN, (N.D.). Libraries. Who commits crimes? Retrieved from: 8.3 Who Commits Crime? – Social Problems (umn.edu) ...
View Full Document

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture