CMI Day3 - The Central Processing Unit Instruction Sets The...

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The Central Processing Unit Instruction Sets 0. The CPU receives commands  from outside the computer that  control the data it is processing. Program Code 0. GUI or application  interface 1. Software functionality User instructions 2. Print, Save, Open, Close,  etc CPU Internal Instruction Set 0. Each CPU comes with a set 
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of internal instructions it uses to  process outside data.  1. The Instruction Set controls  the Logic Gates Design Architectures: CISC 1. Complex Instruction Set  Computers 2. Hardware based  instructions 3. Onboard instructions =  More transistors 4. Easier programming 2. Intel processors based on  8086 processor
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3. X86 architecture.  4. Backwards compatibility  Design Architectures: RISC 0. Reduced Instruction Set  Computers 1. Software based  instructions 2. Implements Pipeline  Architecture 3. Heavily dependent on  programming quality CPU Design Goals 5. High data throughputs 6. Optimal use of resources
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7. Minimal mistakes and  effective recovery response 8. Balance between power  consumption, heat production,  and functionality The Central Processing Unit 9. 4 basic CPU functions 10. Fetch 11. Decode 12. Execute 13. Write CPU Basic Internal Components 14. System Clock
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15. Frequency CPU Basic Internal Components The internal traces inside the processor are closer together (Millimeters vs Microns), so signals arrive faster
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CMI Day3 - The Central Processing Unit Instruction Sets The...

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