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CH 21 - Notes ARTS 1301.pdf - ARTS 1301: Introduction to...

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ARTS 1301: Introduction to the Visual ArtsCHAPTER TWENTY-ONEThe Modern World 1800-1945Instructor:Jonas Criscoe# IntroTHE MODERN WORLD (European and American Art): 1800 – 1945• Neoclassicism & Romanticism• Realism• Manet and Impressionism• Post-Impressionism• Bridging the Atlantic: America in the 19thCentury• Into the 20thCentury: The Avant-Garde• World War I and After: Dada and Surrealism• Between the Wars: Building New Societies• As the Industrial Revolution spread around the world to country after country, the averageperson’s life changed dramatically• Most people had lived rural, often, agrarian lifestyles, but now many more began to live inor near to cities, which were large urban centers filled with factories and industry• Streets teemed with people moving from one place to another, and rapid change, newinventions, and technology abounded• This different kind of normalcy began to be referred to as “modernity” or “modern”• Modernity reflected the emergence of a new kind of society in the wake of 3 majorrevolutions – the French Revolution, the American Revolution, and the IndustrialRevolution• The 19thcentury gave birth to industrialized middle class culture of mass production, massadvertising, and mass consumption, including the mass consumption of leisure activities such asshopping, entertainment, and the visiting of art museums• Art Museums were also a development of the 19thcentury, and made art available to thepublic in a new way, a way that we now see as natural• The first national museum was the Louvre in Paris• It opened in 1793 during the French Revolution, and placed the art that hadbelonged to French Royalty on public view in what had been the Royal Residence• Art was now for everybody• The Church no longer dominated society• The nobility had been greatly disempowered, and the middle class and itsindustrial and financial leaders now ran the show• This time period produced widely divergent artistic philosophies thatsought to define new creative and artistic ideals• This is also the century when photography first appears on the scene anddrastically reduces the need for recording extreme naturalistic accuracy forthe first time# NEOCLASSICISM and ROMANTICISM• Paris, France was the ground zero of artistic Modernity, with the recent revolution making theimmediate society change their way of living• People were now more independent and confident, and spoke their opinions about what they feltwas the right way concerning a particular cause, be it political, artistic, or bothof117
# Jacques-Louis David, Death of Marat and Oath of the Horatii• Jacques-Louis David - the artist who painted these:TheDeath of Marat(left)and theOath of theHoratii(right), was one of the strongest supporters of the French Revolution• When Napoleon, the new leader of France, came to power, David became his officialpainter, which gave him quite a bit of control over artistic style in France, and he pushedfor a Neoclassical appearance in art

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Term
Spring
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Tags
Cubism, Impressionism, History of painting

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