Brinkley chapter 13 - EVENTS AND STUFF Manifest Destiny...

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EVENTS AND STUFF:Manifest Destiny – American nationalism, idea that America was destined by G-d and history to expand over a vast area, spread by the new “penny press” newspapersEmpire of Liberty– America to include Canada, Mexico, Caribbean, Pacific islands, must of the rest of the world – Henry Clay thought that territorial expansion would reopen the controversy over slaveryMexican Colonization Law– offered cheap land and a four-year exemption from taxes to any American willing to move into Texas, most were white southerners and their slavesAlamo– mission in San Antonio, was destroyed – American defense “patriots” included Davy Crockett - (1836)Goliad– another mission where Santa Anna’s army defeated the patriotsBattle of San Jacinto– Houston defeated the Mexican army and Texan independece resultedOregon Trail– 2,000 miles, from Independence across the Great Plains through the South Pass of the Rocky Mountains, then migrants moved north into Oregon or south to the northern CA coast49thParallel– Canadian border between the British and the Americans54 40 or fight– reference to where the Americans wanted the northern boundary of their part of OregonMexican War– boundary dispute between Texas and Mexico over Rio Grande border, Polk sent out an army under Zachary Taylor to protect Texas against a Mexican invasion, also sent offensives against New Mexico and CaliforniaBear Flag Revolt– revolt by American settlers, an exploring party led by John C. Fremont, and the American navy – was put down by Stephen W. KearnyTreaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo– February 2, 1848, Mexico gave CA and NM to the U.S., established border of Texas as the Rio Grande – United States assumed financial claims new citizens had against Mexico and pay the Mexicans $15 millionWilmot Proviso– bill to prohibit slavery in any territory acquired from Mexico – passed in the

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