Reconstruction study guide - RECONSTRUCTION TEST STUDY GUIDE Freedmens Bureau General Howard ran Bureau agency of the army authorized to furnish clothe

Reconstruction study guide - RECONSTRUCTION TEST STUDY...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 7 pages.

RECONSTRUCTION TEST STUDY GUIDE Freedmen’s Bureau - - General Howard ran Bureau, agency of the army - authorized to furnish, clothe, feed and provide transportation for former slaves - Major on providing Education -too small, only operated for one year Radical Reconstruction - - led by representative Thaddeus Stevens and Senator Charles Sumner - proposed disenfranchising large numbers of southern whites, - protecting black civil rights - confiscation of property of wealthy white Southerners who aided Confederacy (gave it to freedmen) Lincoln’s Reconstruction Plan - 10% Plan - Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (December 8, 1863) - “loyal rule” - create government in states that will be loyal to national government - Congress not consulted - Pardon to all but the highest ranking military and civilian Confederate officers - To be recognized as a state a again: - 10% of the voting population in the 1860 election = oath of loyalty - establish a government 1864 → “Lincoln’s Governments” formed in Louisiana, Tennessee, Arkansas - “loyal assemblies” - weak, dependent on the Union army Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan - - Amnesty = simple oath of loyalty to most - exceptions: Confederate military officers and people who owned property valued over $20,000 (had to apply directly to Johnson) - State Constitutions: repudiate slavery, secession and state debts - Effects: - disenfranchised (can’t vote) certain leading Confederates - pardoned planter aristocrats brought them back to political power to control state organizations - Republicans were outraged that planter elite were back in power in South Congressional Reconstruction - Included the Civil Rights Act of 1866, saying that all blacks are U. S. citizens, and the 14th Amendment, see below. Wade-Davis bill - bill would have delayed readmission indefinitely - 50% of the 1860 voters = “iron clad” oath of aliance - state constitutional convention before the election of the state officials - enacted specific safeguards of freedoms liberties - Lincoln could either pass or veto bill (10 days to decide before it becomes a law without signing) - Pocket Veto - if Lincoln got bill while Congress is out of session he can put in “pocket” and it gets vetoed without him having to take action(lincoln did this to this bill) Lincoln’s assassination - John Wilkes Booth (actor committed to the Southern cause) shoots
him in a theater. (But Batman saves him) yes. Black Codes - - Could marry other blacks but not whites - Could own property (but was difficult) - Could make contracts (but was difficult) - Could testify in court but only against blacks - Legalized segregation - Forced many blacks to become sharecroppers Purpose: - Guarantee stable labor supply now that blacks were emancipated - Restore pre-emancipation system of race relations (replace South codes) Tenure of Office Act - It said that the president couldn’t get rid of a federal official or military commander without the approval of Congress Civil Rights Act - equal accommodations in public places and prohibited courts from excluding blacks from juries Command of the Army Act -

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture