philo paper #2 - Vita Yegorova 11/24/07 Philosophy Dan...

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Vita Yegorova 11/24/07 Philosophy Dan Schulz The Good Life I argue that Lucretius’ views on how to live the right kind of life are beneficial and good to whoever follows in his steps. Argument 1. “The universe is made up of two things which exist in themselves: atoms, and void” (Lucretius, Book One, 419-420). 2. “What once existed has died; what now exists was just now formed” (Lucretius, Book Three, 675-676). 3. “Pleasure is purer in the sane than in the lovesick. Though they’ve got each other the torrid lovers are tossed in a storm of wandering, never settling on what first to see or feel. What they hunger for, they squeeze hard, tight, and cause pain, often nipping the lips between their teeth and inflicting kisses, for the pleasure’s not pure; there are spurs beneath that prick them on to hurt whatever it is that makes them rave” (Lucretius, Book Four, 1066-1074). C: Lucretius has eliminated all unnecessary concerns and has found a way to live the right kind of life through hedonism by maximizing the pleasures of life and minimizing the pains. Evaluation
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2 1. It is plausible that the universe is made up of only atoms and void. Lucretius’ cosmonogy is more accurate than Plato’s. Plato believes in God and that he is the creator of all existence. This theory is hard to prove because there is no physical proof of a God. On the other hand, Lucretius’ theory is easy to prove since we can find evidence and pinpoint a source of an object’s creation through science. He states that “the same atoms make the sea and sky, sun, earth, and streams, grain, trees, all things that breathe, mingling and moving differently in each” (Lucretius, Book One, 819-820). Therefore atoms and void constitute all things. Lucretius points out that “no third element can be admitted, nothing besides the atoms and the void, nothing which falls to the purview of our senses or which we grasp from reasoned argument” (Lucretius, Book One, 445- 448). God does not exist because he is intangible, and cannot be either an atom or a void. Atoms and voids must work together and cannot create things separately. I agree with Lucretius because there is no evidence of God’s existence. Many people believe in him to have faith and hope in an all powerful being. They look up to God as an example for how to be the all perfect being he is. However, this is just a belief. There is no actual man that lived God’s life. Since God is just a belief, then there is no way that a belief could have created our universe. Lucretius’ scientific approach for cosmogony is trustworthy and can be proven. It is based on facts instead of faith. 2. Lucretius’ account is plausible and shows that there is no after life. When someone dies, Lucretius believes that that person is dead; their life has ended. He also believes that the soul is as one with the body meaning that neither can exist on its own. When a person dies, “trust that the soul spills too and perishes the sooner and melts the quicker into its atoms once it’s been
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course PHILOSOPHY 026 taught by Professor Schultz during the Fall '08 term at University of Iowa.

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philo paper #2 - Vita Yegorova 11/24/07 Philosophy Dan...

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