Final Exam Review Sheet TOJ - Final Exam Review Sheet TOJ I...

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Final Exam Review Sheet TOJ I. Introduction Public committee against torture v Israel. –Types of torture. II. Justice and Utilitarianism. 1.) Bentham (Reading) The highest principle of morality is to maximize utility. Principle- to maximize pleasure and minimize pain. No need to prove this principle. P. 41> Sentience beings- to be able to experience pleasure and pain. Example: if a dog kills a person, would it be considered murder? 2.) and 3.) Mill (Book) Notes- Higher vs. Lower pleasures. Humans are in need of more higher pleasures than animals because we have more mental needs. *Quality not quantity*. BOOK- 131-158 and 176-201 P.137 and 143 What it is. 5-19 [Harm Principle] – holds that the actions of individuals should only be limited to prevent harm to other individuals. "The only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others." *Case Study- Drug Legalization- 2 people have more utility than one.
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  • Fall '12
  • Rosas
  • John Rawls, equal basic liberties, Notes- Higher vs, Promotes- Self-respect principle, Difference principle p.87

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