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Unformatted text preview: for the collection ($0.20 per pound) and recycling ($0.28 per
pound) of used electronics. The advance recovery fee would increase as needed to cover all
collection, recycling, and administrative costs.36 California also imposed RoHS for laptops and
monitors (effective January 2007).37 In contrast, Maine and Maryland required producers to take
responsibility for collecting and recycling used electronics.
Against this backdrop, Walmart focused primarily on advocating for national standards for both
hazardous substances and e-waste. “We can’t effectively manage a national program with stateby-state solutions. It’s burdensome and very costly for us. There’s also a need to do something
at the national level since some states are doing nothing,” said Phillips. U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) administrators were interested in the take-back programs sponsored by
Walmart, HP, and Noranda. By demonstrating successful and cost-effective collection and
recycling, the partners could influence the federal government to pursue “producer
responsibility” rather than the California model of advanced recycling fees and government
administration of collection and recycling. Steve Rockhold, HP global program manager for
product reuse and recovery, argued publicly that “government control of collection and recycling
significantly increases cost.” Walmart’s Sustainability Strategy (A) OIT-71A p. 16 Progress as of Late 2006
Commenting on the overall progress of the electronics network, Phillips noted, “We’ve made a
lot of progress because most of the changes make business sense to our suppliers. Where they
push back is when they have to take on added costs,” she added, citing e-waste as an example of
a project where cost savings had not been realized through increased efficiency.
Another complicating factor in the electronics arena was supplier sensitivity around intellectual
property. “There are all sorts of concerns about confidential business information a...
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This note was uploaded on 01/14/2014 for the course LGST 210 taught by Professor Sep during the Winter '10 term at UPenn.
- Winter '10