BRUTALISTThe Brutalist movement, or Brutalism, was in many ways a response to the Modernist movement. Brutalist projects are characterized typically by their massive and monolithic, often blocky, appearance. They hold to a rigid geometric style and are typically formed from concrete.
The name Brutalism does not directly relate to the term brutal. It comes from the French beton-brut which translates to raw concrete. This refers directly to the main material choice of Brutalist Architects; concrete. Concrete was readily available, provided a clean finished surface, was solid and simple, and responded to the genuine architectural expression. It was an honest material that wasn’t anything other than itself. This was also the first time that there was widespread use of concrete as a finished material for the facade.