DBQ-Decolonization and Revolution 1945-1975.docx - Gao 1...

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Gao 1 Shirley Gao Shannon Mulkey AP World History 28 March 2021 Decolonization and Revolution: 1945-1975 Decolonization has become a significant historical theme. It occurred in four broad phases from 1776 to 1991, and through the release of revolutionary forces, it transformed the global system of states to what we know of today. Beginning from 1945 to the ongoing future, leaders have thought long and hard about different paths they could choose to affect change. Some advocated freedom through aggression, nonviolent acts, diplomacy, and the determination of their suffering country. Trailblazers transformed the face and nature of a world by strategy and, in some cases, through uniting a people. A commentary by a columnist at the time may have offered a wider viewpoint at such a diverse and thrilling time. Every effective leader prepared to make a difference would strive for decolonization, revolution, and nation building. From 1945 to 1975, numerous liberation movements altered societies all over the world, led by leaders and organizations who all longed for a better future. The United Nations implemented the “Declaration of Colonialism,” which proclaimed the end of colonialism. The document called for the elimination of colonialism and self-determination, arguing that all human beings had the right to make their own social and political decisions. Such a declaration, coming from an organization composed of and sponsored by numerous nations, must be taken seriously. By its apparent influence, the United Nations encouraged countries to aim for independence by advocating the end of colonialism. It also marked the end of a colonial period, when many colony-yielding nations became UN members (Document. 1). As it was in an organization’s point of view, this helps us understand how controversial colonization was, and

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