Handout0919 - -when dissolved in water. Sample Problem...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lecture outline for Wednesday, September 19, 2007 (Chem 100, section 2) Common Reaction Types General Types Combination (addition): Decomposition (elimination): Displacement (group or atom transfer): Double displacement: Familiar combination and decomposition reactions Precipitation Reactions: Additions or Double Displacements? “Molecular” equation (double displacement) Total ionic equation: Net Ionic equation (addition): Properties of acids & bases Most commonly aqueous solutions Acids (vinegar, lemon juice, soft drinks, battery acid) Taste ______ _______ reactive with metals than water ( H 2 ( g )) Turn litmus _______ Bases (soap, ammonia, lime, lye (“Drano”)) Feel ________ Turn litmus _______ React with ______ to “neutralize” (deactivate) them Acids and Bases in the top 50 chemicals Naming acids Arrhenius definition of acids and bases, and acid-base reactions Acid produces H 3 O + when dissolved in water. Base produces OH
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: -when dissolved in water. Sample Problem Unknown acid (2.0000 g) is titrated with 0.4000 M NaOH. Endpoint at 20.0 mL. What is molar mass of acid? pH scale and equilibrium Le Chateliers Principle: why NH 3 solutions have pH > 7 Bronsted Definition of Acids and Bases, and acid-base reactions Acid - H + donor Base - H + acceptor Water can be Bronsted acid or a Bronsted base Phenolphthalein is a weak Bronsted acid Redox Reactions Reductant: Electron donor Oxidant: Electron acceptor CHECK ONLINE HW later today FOR HW DUE FRIDAY 9/23 O S O O O H H H Cl O P O O O H H H N O O O H C C C C C C C C O O H O O H H H H H O C O C H H H H C C C O O H H H H O O C C C H H H H H H sulfuric acid nitric acid acetic acid hydrochloric acid adipic acid terephthalic acid phosphoric acid H N H H H ammonium ion C O O O 2-Na + 2 Na + O H-N H H H 2-Ca 2+ O lime (calcium oxide) ammonia sodium hydroxide sodium carbonate (washing soda)...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course CHEM 100 taught by Professor Scarrow during the Fall '07 term at Haverford.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online