Mid-Term Exam Review Spring 2007

Mid-Term Exam Review Spring 2007 - Mid-Term Exam Review...

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Mid-Term Exam Review IAFF 005: Spring 2007
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Concepts (Models) – What Causes Something to Happen? Realist (Pure PD) – Distribution of Power Liberal (Modify PD assumptions about conflicting goals, fixed payoffs, and no communications) – Institutions (regularized patterns of interactions or roles) Encourage interaction and communications: shadow of the future, diplomacy/trade Change payoffs: new technologies (nuclear weapons, information technologies) Change goals: absolute (nonzero sum), not relative (zero sum), gains (wealth rather than territory) Identity (Pure PD but assume same identities – members of the Mafia) – Group and Collective Identities Internal (group or domestic) identity – ethnicity, nationalism, religious fundamentalism, democracy, etc. External (collective) identity – historical friendships (US/UK) or enmities (US/Russia), membership in same IOs
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LEVELS OF ANALYSIS – Where does the Cause Come From? Systemic Structural Level Distribution of power (realist), patterns of relationships or roles/institutions (liberal), distribution and shared knowledge of identities (identity) Systemic Process Level Align against greater power (realist), align against greater threat (liberal), align against different identities (identity) Domestic Level convert power (realist), run effective domestic institutions (liberal), motivate people by values, patriotism (nationalism(, etc. (identity) Individual Level – What drives Individual? lust for power (realist), need for relationship/community (liberal), need to be different (identity)
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Ethical Issues Relativists – Situation Decides. If we have no choice, we bear no responsibility. Order comes before justice. Morality applies only within specific situations/cultures. Pragmatists - States (or other groupings) decide what is right. Morality is universal if all states agree (only UN can decide legitimately) or relative if states disagree (state sovereignty). Do what you can do, but don’t impose morality Universalists - Morality is universal for all individuals and groups across all situations. Can’t be amended by situation or individual (group).
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Age of Empires Perspectives Realist – Cycles of hierarchy and anarchy Liberal – Growing commerce, especially around Mediterranean Sea Identity – Ethnic communities and religious mythology Ancient Empires Mesopotamia and Egypt (3000 BCE) India and China – Hindu (1500 BCE) and Buddha (Asoka – 600 BCE); Confucius (600 BCE) Greek City-States and Peloponnesian Wars – Thucydides – and China’s Period of Warring States – Sun Tzu (400 BCE) (Interlude of Equilibrium) Roman Empire (300 BCE-500 CE) Non-European Empires Golden Age of Islam (600-1200 CE) China Middle Kingdom under Sui, T’ang, Sung and Yuan (Mongol – Genghis Khan) Dynasties (600-1300 CE) Japan Emperor System – Shinto (before 700 CE) and Buddhism (after 700
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course ARCH 101 taught by Professor Cline during the Spring '08 term at GWU.

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Mid-Term Exam Review Spring 2007 - Mid-Term Exam Review...

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