Lecture 4 Slides Spring 07

Lecture 4 Slides Spring 07 - IAFF 005 Lecture 4 The Realist...

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IAFF 005: Lecture 4 The Realist Perspective
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Realist Perspective: Facts and Causes Focuses on State and Conflict/War What Causes War? Situation or Structure of An-archy (Contrast with Mon-archy, Empire/Imperialism, and Feudalism or today’s Ethnic Fragmentation) Characteristics of Anarchy No Monopoly of the Legitimate Use of Force (No World 911) Decentralized Distribution of Power Self Help: States Have to Defend Themselves
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Security Dilemma Whatever One State Does to Defend Itself Threatens Other State (US troops in S. Arabia provokes Iraq’s WMD?) – zero-sum game Can’t Know Other State’s True Intentions – Arming to Defend or Attack? (Cuban Missile Crisis) Outcome Is Often, Not Always, War – Depends on Polarity: Unipolarity (one superpower), Bipolarity (two Great Powers), Multipolarity (three or more Great Powers). Which is More Stable? Anarchy modeled through Prisoner’s Dilemma Game (see next slide)
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The Prisoner’s Dilemma A and B can get their best outcome (go free) only if they squeal
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Lecture 4 Slides Spring 07 - IAFF 005 Lecture 4 The Realist...

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