Emile Durkheim.docx - Emile Durkheim Contributions to...

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Emile Durkheim: Contributions to Sociology General Introduction Emile Durkheim (1858-1917), one of the most important pioneers of sociology, was born of Jewish parents in Epinal, France. 1 The first thing to be said about Emile Durkheim is that he belongs to the second half of the nineteenth century; and it can be said that his ideas was formed in the last quarter or the last third of the nineteenth century and were relevant to the historical reality of Europe of the half of the twentieth century. He published the greater part of his work by the outbreak of world war. I, analyzed that period of European history retrospective regarded as a privileged age (la belle epoque), the least war like phase of the history of Europe. 2 The career of Emile Durkheim Is an excellent illustration of the fertilizing power, a discipline acquires once it accumulates a heritage of ideas, data and felt problems. He inherited Europe’s richest legally of social science, the brilliant tradition of French sociology positivism and by his genuine capacity for empirical research and a unique flair for conceptualization, he extended that legacy. He remained quite independent in his own thought especially from the enlightenment philosophies. As a agnostic, he was able to maintain a cool, defached analysis of religion, and being Jewish, he remained deeply interested in the moral level of society, but without being committed to a particular dogma. The significant influence over Durkheim’s nature intellectual level came from within distinctly French intellectual traditions. The social conditions of France, his birth in the most rationalistic region of France, his early exposure to the disaster of Farco-prcassian war and the consequent uprising, his close identification with the strongly cohesive Jewish community etc, all contributed towards shaping his idea. Between 1885 and 1886, Durkheim traveled and studied in Germany. In 1982, he completed his French dissertation on “The Division of Labour in Society” at the university fine scholar. In 1896, the first position in sociology in France was created for 1 For a concise biography of Emile Durkheim See. Robert Bierstedt, Emile Durkheim. (New York: Dell , 1966) page 19-37. 2 See Raymond Aron (Introduction), “ Main Currents in Sociological Thought” II Duurkheim pareto and Weher (Pengeeine Books Ltd: London , 1968).
Durkheim at Bordeacex, where he had been teaching about nine years. In 1902, he became a professor of the University of Parish and received the title of “Professor of Science and Education and Sociology” there in 1913. He was a superb lecturer, who evidenced verbally the same world war. I one of his sons died in the service of his country. Durkhem like Weber, is one of the scholars of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries most frequently quoted by American Sociologist today.

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