November 30 - November 30, 2007 The Byzantine Empire The...

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November 30, 2007 The Byzantine Empire The Roman World o Roman Greece 146-46BCE: Macedonian puppet kings controlled by Rome 46 BCE: provinces Achaia and Macedonia, “free cities” Arena for Roman civil wars; cultural, tourist center Extension of Roman citizenship to free Greeks o Pax Romana (“Roman peace”): 1 st and 2 nd centuries CE/AD Period of relative peace and stability from Spain to Syria Koinê Greek, Hellenized Jewish communities across Empire The Hellenic context of Christianity o Early churches in Hellenized cities o Koinê Greek: language of Hellenized Jews (Septuagint) Gospels, Epistles etc. (Christian sacred texts) Greek Patristic authors (early theologians) Byzantion to City of Constantine o Byzantium: gateway between Europe and Asia Colonized by Greeks ~700 BCE; arena for Peloponnesian War Under Roman control from 2 nd century BCE Constantinople (“Constantine’s polis” aka Nova Roma ) o Constantine (272-337 CE): Romane emperor 312-37
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November 30 - November 30, 2007 The Byzantine Empire The...

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