October 15 - October 15, 2007 The Aftermath of the Persian...

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October 15, 2007 The Aftermath of the Persian Wars The Greeks Secure the Victory o Aftermath of the Battle of Salamis Change of Persian command Xerxes gives command to Mardonios, returns home Persians abandon, return and destroy Athens (temples), over winter in Thessaly (Medizers) Mardonios offers lenient terms to Athenians o Compare policy after Ionian Revolt (494) o Emissary: Alexander I of Macedon Mardonios’ plan: hold on until Greeks turn on each other o Two main fronts Central Greece: allied Greek army vs. Mardonios’ Persians Aegean: allied Greek fleet pursues Persian fleet o The Battle of Plataia (summer 479) Greeks under Spartan Pausanias cross into occupied Boiotia Persians split Greek troops on either side of Plataia Spartans defeat Persians, Athenians their Greek allies Mardonios killed; Persians go into full retreat o The Battle of Mykale (traditionally on same day as Plataia Athenian-led fleet pursues retreating Persian fleet Greeks disembark near Persian camp Spartan-led forces dislodge Persians from Miletos Part of fleet returns to Greece, part heads north o Celebrations and thanksgiving to gods (ex: Serpent Column) Sense of divine approval/mandate o Significance of the Greek victories A clash of civilizations? Aim of Persia: leave institutions intact, extract wealth
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course CLA 2100 taught by Professor Marks during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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October 15 - October 15, 2007 The Aftermath of the Persian...

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