06 per cent of the available medals increasing the

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Unformatted text preview: be neglected from the scheme of things when thinking of measures for improvement. Predicted and Actual Medal Totals for the 1996 Olympics Country Prediction I Prediction II Prediction III (Population) (Population and GDP) (Full Model) China 176 17 19 50 India 137 16 14 1 United States 39 30 81 101 Indonesia 28 12 10 4 Iran 9 10 7 3 Thailand 9 11 8 2 France 8 21 22 37 Russian Federation 21 13 13 63 Bangladesh 17 9 7 0 Nigeria 15 9 10 6 18 25 25 14 29.55 16.5 12.65 Japan Average difference between predicted and actual medal tally Results of Analysis Medals • A country can be expected to win an additional 0.34 per cent of all medals for every 1 per cent increase in its population size. • Raising the per capita GDP by 1,000 dollars yields an additional 0.06 per cent of the available medals. • Increasing the number of radio receivers in a country by 10 per 1,000 residents yields a 0.02 per cent increase in the share of medals won. Lessons from China In comparison with India, China has won a total of 385 medals in 8 Olympics. In sport after sport, Chinese athletes have been systematically discovered in childhood through country-wide sporting events, carefully nurtured in sports academies and turned into world-class athletes with the mental and physical toughness needed to win. The Chinese sports authorities pay handsomely to get the world's best coaches and training facilities. They spend heavily on developing sports infrastructure and it is estimated that there are about 620,000 gymnasiums and stadiums across China, most of them open to and widely used by the general public. It is expected that by the end of 2010, 40 percent of China's total population will participate in regular physical exercises, and that over 95 percent of students will meet their National Physical Exercise Standard. Conclusion Populations that are healthy, better equipped, better informed and better connected to opportunities tend to win a higher share of Olympic medals. The objective should lie in creating an environment in which individuals enjoy the greatest possible opportunity for realising their goals. We also need a change in mindset where sports is looked upon as a profession equitable with medicine and engineering. We need to raise awareness about the importance of sports and ensure easy accessibility and availability of the infrastructure for the common public. We need to have more professional sports management firms and a grass root level approach of unearthing and honing talent. Then only can we get closer to the dream of seeing India as a sporting superpower. References
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