October 29 - October 29, 2007 Law and Society in Ancient...

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October 29, 2007 Law and Society in Ancient Greece Origins of Greek Law o Earliest times: unwritten law (no Lin B lawcodes) Nomos “custom, law”: of the community, wanax , chieftain Ex: imaginary community on the Shield of Achilles o Codification of laws in the Archaic Period (700-500) Motivation: distribution of power among ruling classes Other social classes largely ignored in early codes Statues: focus on prohibition rather than regulation o Earliest written codes on Crete Legal inscriptions 7 th -5 th : Gortyn, Eleutherna, Axos, Phaistos, Prinias, Knossos, Eltynia, Lyttos, Dreros, Praisos Early Greek lawcodes: Crete o Earliest written Greek lawcode: Dreros (ca 650-600) Inscription on temple of Apollo Limits on kosmoi (chief magistrates) Earliest known use polis meaning political entity o Gortyn (ca 450, revision of earlier code) Also inscribed on temple of Apollo Family (divorce, inheritance), criminal (rape), property (slaves) Ex. of evidence that Athenian women have less freedom Early Athenian law o Early Archaic period: archons hold legislative and judicial powers Serving archons and Areopages (Ex-archons) o Drako (latter 7 th century) Supposedly 1 st written code at Athens
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course CLA 2100 taught by Professor Marks during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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October 29 - October 29, 2007 Law and Society in Ancient...

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