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Unformatted text preview: November 9, 2007 Ancient Roman Priests, Priestesses and Rituals • Religious authority in ancient Rome o Diffuse (but precise) nature of religious authority Paterfamilias : head of household cult Various officials: overlapping responsibilities o Office vs. vocation Religious authority not associated with “holiness” o Social status Predominantly male, free, wealthy Patricians and plebians (designated offices) o Symbols of authority Sacred conical hat ( apex ): haruspices, flamines, Salii Augur’s staff ( lituus ) o Selection of religious officials Cooptatio, nominatio : chosen by the group Election: as for political office • Divisions of religious authority in ancient Rome o Most offices tied to specific festivals or rituals o Collegia : 4 state commissions (diffusion of authority) Coordinate government and religion Pontifices : religious advisors and functionaries Augures : state prophets and seers • Evolve along with state (like all religious institutions) o Established by Romulus o Ca. 300 BCE: plebs demand admission o Further increases under Sulla, Caesar (1 st century) Rule of bureaucracy: greater #s = decreased prestige Quindecemivri sacris faciundis • “15 men for the rites that must be performed” • Main job: over see Sybilline oracles...
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- Fall '07
- Ancient Rome, religious authority