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Unformatted text preview: cterial infection: Tuberculosis. Actinomycosis. Pulmonary infarction. Pulmonary contusion.
Causes of childhood Miliary NodulesHistoplasmosis, Viral. Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis. Metastatic disease.
Acute and chronic causes of childhood Parahilar Peribronchial Opacity Chronic: Asthma, Cystic fibrosis, Immunologic deficiency disease, Chronic aspiration
Acute (infection): Viral, Mycoplasma, Chlamydia, Pertussis.
Causes of Colonic Obstruction
Meconium plug syndrome (small left colon). Hirschsprung disease. Functional megacolon. Ectopic (imperforate) anus. Colon atresia/stenosis. Inflammatory stricture. Volvulus. Trauma. Neoplasm.
Causes of Duodenal Obstruction
Atresia/stenosis/diaphragm. Annular pancreas. Duodenal band. Midgut volvulus. Hematoma. Neoplasm (duodenum. pancreas. liver). Peptic ulcer disease.
Causes of Echogenic Renal Pyramids
Normal neonate. Tamm-Horsfall proteinuria. Sickle-cell disease. Hypercalciuria. Renal tubular acidosis. Medullary sponge kidney. Hyperparathyroidism. Drugs (furosemide. steroids. vitamin D). Prolonged immobilization. Bartter syndrome. Williams syndrome. Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease. Storage diseases. Glycogen-storage disease type 1A. Hurler mucopolysaccharidosis. Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. Oxalosis.
Causes of Gastric Obstruction
Atresia/antral diaphragm. Duplication cyst. Pylorospasm. Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Gastritis/ulcer disease. Volvulus. Microgastria. Causes of moreand colonic atresia. Aganglionosis (Hirschsprung's disease).
Ileal distal abdominal obstruction presenting in the newborn include
Causes of multiple Renal Cysts kidney. Polycystic kidney disease. Glomerulocystic disease. Medullary cystic disease (juvenile nephronophthisis). Tuberous sclerosis. Turner syndrome. von Hippel-Lindau disease. Zellweger syndrome. Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. Meckel-Gruber syndrome.
Causes of Pediatric Esophageal Obstruction
Congenital atresia/stenosis. Web/diverticulum. Foreign body. Stricture (peptic, caustic). Extrinsic compression (cysts, neoplasms, vascular). Achalasia.
Causes of pediatric Unilateral body. Mucous plug. Congenital lobar emphysema. Bronchial stenosis/atresia. Tuberculosis. Vascular anomalies. Mediastinal masses.
Bronchial foreign Obstructive Emphysema
Causes of single Renal Cyst
Simple cyst. Caliceal diverticulum. Abscess. Multilocular cystic nephroma.
Causes of Small Intestinal Obstruction ileus. Incarcerated hernia. Intussusception. Perforated appendicitis. Regional enteritis. Posttraumatic hematoma/stricture.
Causes of Unilateral Renal Enlargement anomaly. Compensatory hypertrophy. Crossed fused ectopia. Multicystic dysplastic kidney. Renal abscess. Renal neoplasm. Renal vein thrombosis.
Caustic esophagitis with stricture usually sodium from
Alkaline substanceingestion: results hydroxide, potassium hydroxide (lye), alkaline disk batteries. Acids produce more superficial burns.
Chest Wall Masses
Malignant: Ewing sarcoma, Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (Askin tumor), Neuroblastoma, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Rhabdomyosarcoma. Benign: Osteochondroma, Aneurysmal bone cyst, Mesenchymal hamartoma, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, Fibrous dysplasia, Hemangioma, Lymphangioma, Teratoma, Abscess, Calcifying fibrous pseudotumor, Osteoid osteoma. Children with hemihypertrophy have a predilection for what tumors?
Wilms tumor. Hepatoblastoma.
CholedochalCongenital malformations of intraor extrahepatic bile ducts. May present with jaundice, pain, right upper quadrant mass. Most common is type 1: fusiform or saccular dilation of common bile duct below the cystic duct.
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This document was uploaded on 01/14/2014.
- Winter '14