Unformatted text preview: Hydrocarbon ingestion. Near drowning. Immune-mediated pneumonitis. Milk allergy. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Pulmonary hemorrhage. Pulmonary edema
Infection: Staphylococcus. Mycoplasma. Split pleural sign
Enhancement of parietal and visceral pleura displaced by low-density fluid. Suggests empyema.
Such high-output hydronephrosis is rare insipidus.be seen with water drinking.
Bartter syndrome. Diabetes but may Psychogenic
Superior mesenteric vein and artery relative positions in intestinal malrotation. vein is anterior or left of artery.
Normally superior mesenteric vein is right of artery. In malrotation
Surfactant deficiency disease features
Most common cause of respiratory distress in neonates. Most common in premature infants and term infants of diabetic mothers. Low lung volumes. Fine granular opacities. Air bronchograms extend to lung periphery. Surgical causes of abdominal pain in children? Appendicitis. Midgut volvulus.
Incarcerated hernia. Intussusception.
Acquired hypoplastic lung following severe obliterative bronchiolitis. Air trapping causes little change in lung size on expiration (different from congenital hypoplastic lung).
Tetralogy of High VSD. Pulmonary stenosis (usually infundibular. with or without valvular stenosis). Right ventricular hypertrophy. Aorta overrides VSD.
Fallot Aortic arch Carina. Carina normally overlies the right pedicles with a left inferred from the position of the
frequently cannot be seen in a neonate. Its position must be aorta arch.
Initial examination to identify a bleeding Meckel diverticulum
Findings in VSDenlargement. Increased pulmonary vascularity. Cardiomegaly.
PA Ideal location the tip of atrium
in for right the umbilical venous catheter
Length of the kidney should be no greater than ________ vertebral bodies.
4-4.5 vertebral bodies.
Most common anomaly to cause diminished pulmonary vascularity and is most common cause of cyanotic congenital heart disease.
Tetralogy of Fallot.
Most common benign liver tumor encountered in infancy
Common causes ofcell disease. Congenital obstructive anomalies of the biliary tract. Total parenteral nutrition. Furosemide treatment. Dehydration. Hemolytic anemia. Short gut syndrome.
Sickle cholelithiasis in children Common causes of pleural effusion in children unilateral. always on the right). Chronic renal disease.
Infection. Congestive heart failure (if
Most common causes of distal smallileus. obstruction in the neonate
Ileal atresia. Meconium bowel
common childhood malignant tumor of the small intestine.
common childhood ovarian tumor
common malignancies to involve neuroectodermal children
Ewing sarcoma. Primitive the chest wall in tumor (Askin tumor).
common pancreatic pediatric endocrine tumor is
Benign islet cell adenoma (insulinoma). Most common posteriortumor: Neuroblastoma. child
Neurogenic mediastinal mass in a Ganglioneuroma. Neurofibroma.
Most common pulmonary causedin children is pneumonia
Pseudomass mass by spherical
Most common renal tumor in neonate
Mesoblastic nephroma. Usually considered benign. Metastasis can occur. Most common soft tissue tumor in children
Most common tumor in newborns
Most common type of cardiac malposition
Mirror-image dextrocardia. Only part of the airway not seen on a neonatal plain film
Plain film findings of acute appendicitis
Appendicolith (10%). Free fluid in right lower quadrant (separation o colon from properitoneal fat line). Sentinel loop of bowel (air-fluid level) in right lower quadrant. Scoliosis with concavity to the right (splint...
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