November 28 - November 28, 2007 From last time. Mithras...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
November 28, 2007 From last time… Mithras cults in Roman Empire o Daily services (sacred fire, prayers; Sunday celebrations) Sanctuaries: often underground ( Mithraea ); celestrial o Yearly festival for Mithras’ birth (Dec. 25; cp. Saturnalia) o Initiation: learning, vow of silences, ordeals, purification Men only (appeal to soldiers), all social classes Seven levels, identified with individual deities/zodiac signs o Tauroctony: bull sacrifice, sacrificial feast o Afterlife preparation Judaism at Rome and the Graeco-Roman Roots of Early Christianity Israel and Palestine in the Graeco-Roman world: timelines o 586 BCE: region absorbed into Late Neo-Babylonian Empire “Babylonian captivity”: dislocation of populations o 538-332: Persian Empire replaces Babylonian Resettlements of Babylonian Jews in Israel (re)construction of temple in Jerusalem o 331-321: Alexander’s Empire replaces Persian o 321-142: control by Ptolemaic, Seleucid kingdoms By 2 nd c: increasing Roman influence o 142-63: independent Hasmonean kingdom Jewish priest-kings (descendants of Maccabees) o 63: Roman annexation of Syria 40-37: Parthians (Persians) capture Jerusalem o 6 CE: Roman province of Judea Jewish Hellenization o Jewish Diaspora Recurrent story in Hebrew tradition (ex: Egypt) Babylon: multicultural; tradition of sacred texts Hellenistic-Roman period Usual suspects (soldiers, slaves) Economic immigration: craftsmen, traders o Integration into Hellenistic culture Jews as administrators Tradition of literacy (Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek) No citizenship (disenfranchised = faithful employees) Koinê Greek: becomes main language for Hellenized Jews Alexandria: Jewish scholars attracted to Ptolemaic court Septuagint: Greek translation of Hebrew Bible (72 scholars)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course CLT 3371 taught by Professor Marks during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

Page1 / 4

November 28 - November 28, 2007 From last time. Mithras...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online