October 12 - Continued from last time Changes/alternatives...

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October 12, 2007 Continued from last time… Changes/alternatives to traditional religion o Earliest appearance of an important idea: change of character Common perception: character innate Ex: characters in epic, drama etc. don’t undergo change Soul capable of purification Consciousness can be raised through knowledge Idea of “conversion” picked up or reinvented by Christianity o Subversive idea Gods equally accessible to all Undermines idea of locally powerful gods (Athens/Athens) Slaves not born slaves, women equal to men Equality in excellence attainable through thought Hellenistic-Roman philosophies o Eihemerism Gods, heroes are humans magnified by legend Aristotelian rationalizing approach o Skeptics Radical agnosticism, following path of Sophists o Epicureans Gods exist but exert no influence in human affairs Adopt atomism, modify atheism of Demokritos of Abdera o Stoics Emphasis on self-reliance, duty: practical side of Plato
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October 12 - Continued from last time Changes/alternatives...

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