Unit 4_Human Learning.pptx - Human Learning Introduction:...

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Human Learning
Introduction:1. Specify Entry Behaviorcurrent abilities?motivations? drives?limitations?needs?
Introduction:2. Goals of the taskspecific objectives?Words to start with?Number of words/phrases
Introduction:3. Methods of TrainingHow to begin?Putting the bird on his fingeFavorite snack?What if she fails?
Introduction:4. Evaluation ProcedureHow to determine?What kind of measures?How to maintain?
Introduction:4. Evaluation Procedure3. Methods of Training2. Goals of the task1. Specify Entry BehaviorHow human beings learn
Review:What is Learning?
Review:What is Learning?
Review:What is Learning?
Introduction:BehavioralCognitiveSocial-constructivism
Behavioral PerspectivesFirst half of the 20thcenturyUltimate explanation of theprocesses of human (and animal)learningConditioning paradigmsRole of rewards and punishmentsExperimental evidence
Behavioral PsychologyIvan PavlovRussian PsychologistClassical conditioningexperiments
Ivan Pavlov: Learning = stimuli +reflexive responsesstimulusResponse(conditioned)CLASSICALCONDITIONINGBehavioral Perspectives
John Watson (1913): It’sBEHAVIORISM!CLASSICALCONDITIONINGBehavioral Perspectives
John Watson (1913): It’sBEHAVIORISM!Human behavior should be studiedobjectively.Rejecting nonmeasurable notions ofinnateness and instinctComplex behaviors are learned bybuilding up series or chains ofresponsesBehavioral Perspectives
E. L. Thorndike (1932): ExpandedClassical conditioningCLASSICALCONDITIONINGBehavioral Perspectives
E. L. Thorndike (1932): ExpandedClassical conditioningStimuli that occurred after a behaviorhad an influence on future behaviors(LAW OF EFFECT)Study of overt behaviorBehavioral Perspectives
B.F Skinner (1938):The Behavior ofOrganismsCLASSICALCONDITIONINGRESPONDENTCONDITIONINGBehavioral Perspectives“Neobehaviorism”
B.F Skinner (1938):Operant Conditioning(Neobehaviorism)CLASSICALCONDITIONINGRESPONDENTCONDITIONINGIt wasconcernedwith behaviorthat is elicitedby aprecedingstimulusBehavioral Perspectives

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Term
Fall
Professor
todd

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