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October 22 - Greece and Rome Greece and Rome timeline o LBA...

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October 22, 2007 Greece and Rome Greece and Rome: timeline o LBA: Mycenaean contact with Italy (trade; colonies?) o By 750 BCE Greek trading posts, colonies in and near Italy o 300-250: Roman control of Magna Graecia (Sicily and S. Italy) o 264-42: 1 st Punic War: Rome vs. Carthage (Phoenicians) o 241: Sicily becomes 1 st Roman Province o 229: Illyrian Wars: Roman involvement in mainland Greece Geopolitics: long conflict with revived Macedon o 218-02: 2 nd Punic War (Hannibal in Italy) o 197: Rome defeats Philip V of Macedon (ally of Hannibal) o 189: Rome defeats Aetolian League (mainland Greece) o 149-6: 3 rd Punic War: annihilation of Carthage o 146: Rome defeats Achaian League: control Greece o 46: Greece becomes Roman province of Achaia The Hellenization of Rome o Graecia capta ferum victorem cepit et artes intulit agresti Latio Greece captured heart of Rome o Rome gradually absorbs Greek culture over1 500 years Mycenaen outposts Trade and colonization in Magna Graecia (Sicily and S. Italy) Common enemy: Carthaginians (Phoenicians) Most evidence (literary, material) for Rome after Greek art Political absorption of Greece after centuries of contact o Romans like: Greek art (vases, sculpture, etc.), drama, cults (mysteries) o Major points of contact: Europe, Sicily, Africa Massilia (Marseilles): late 6 th century Partial Hellenization of northern Italy, Gaul
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