October 29 - Roman Pantheon Nature of the Roman pantheon o Not formally defined synthetic Ancestral deities said to trace back to prehistory(ex

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October 29, 2007 Roman Pantheon Nature of the Roman pantheon o Not formally defined, synthetic Ancestral deities: said to trace back to prehistory (ex: Mars) Hellenic deities: adopted early (ex: Apollo) New gods: by senatorial decision (ex: Magna Mater) o Spectrum of divinity Broadly powerful gods Jupiter, Mars: recognized/power extends over Italy Locally powerful gods Ex: Tibernius = river Tiber Spirits Ex: Aius Locutius, temple for unheeded portent Aspects of individual gods Ex: Juno Regina, Juno Lucina Defining the pantheon o Goal: maintain pax deorum (“peace of the gods”) Proper level of cult for each deity (reflects society) o Additions Response to disaster: natural, military (common aition ) Ex: Aessculapius Gods of conquered people, immigrants o Demotions ( exauguratio ): often to reassign sacred space Ex: myth about the early Capitoline Hill Major Roman gods o “Capitoline Triad”: trio of gods identified with the Roman State Jupiter, Juno, Minerva (Etruscan?) Jupiter, Mars, Quirinus (Italic?) Capitoline temple: center of state religion Traditionally constructed 509 BCE (significance of date?) o Jupiter ( deus + pater ), Jove ( iuv - “youth”) Assimilated to Greek Zeus Sky, lightening god worshipped by all Italic peoples Main function: symbol of state power (title Optimus Maximus) Cult center: Capitoline temple (shared)
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course CLT 3371 taught by Professor Marks during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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October 29 - Roman Pantheon Nature of the Roman pantheon o Not formally defined synthetic Ancestral deities said to trace back to prehistory(ex

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