September 12 - Religion and Society The Ancient Greek Polis...

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September 12, 2007 Religion and Society: The Ancient Greek Polis The ancient Greek polis (poleis) o Polis = city-state o Basic form of community Begins in Greek Renaissance (800-700 BCE) Self-governing Dimensions Urban center: market, cults, shops, houses Countryside: agriculture, hunting, timber, mining Population: hundreds to several thousand Architecture Walls: surround whole community, publicly financed Temples: open to citizens, publicly financed Agora: public market, last feature constructed in most communities Contrast o BA: palaces Walls: palace only; elaborate and costly Limited public space (dominance of priest/king) o EIA: small, isolated villages Absence of monumental construction Sacred space relatively undifferentiated Central ruler’s dwelling o Archaic Monumental construction of public space: walls, temples, agora Sacred space highly differentiated (spatially, temporally, legally) Rulers reside in private dwellings, separate from public space The polis and politics o Public space: arena for discussion regardless of government
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September 12 - Religion and Society The Ancient Greek Polis...

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