September 24 - Magic Astrology in Ancient Greece Ancient magic o Definition of magic"the attempt to influence nature by supernatural means No one

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September 24, 2007 Ancient magic o Definition of magic: “the attempt to influence nature by supernatural means” No one Greek term corresponds to modern “magic” Overlap with science (natural philosophy) o Principles behind magic Cosmic sympathy: all parts of the universe affect all others Similarity: like brings about like Contagion: emotions transmissible through inanimate objects Coercive action: spells, potions, etc. compel supernatural powers o Connection with gods All gods have supernatural powers Share magical powers with people o Magicians Common, synonymous terms Magos : from Magi, Persian priestly class (root of word “magic”) Goes : from Greek goaein , “to wail” Social standing Both terms also refer to jugglers, con-men Treated with contempt by Plato, Aristotle, etc. Sources o References in literature Healing spells, ghosts, manipulation of weather, seeing the future, etc. Early example: Circe in the
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course CLT 3371 taught by Professor Marks during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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September 24 - Magic Astrology in Ancient Greece Ancient magic o Definition of magic"the attempt to influence nature by supernatural means No one

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