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Unformatted text preview: July 5, 2006 Pitch highness/lowness of sound Not specific to music Frequency of vibration (Hz) Standard tuning = 440 Hz (A) Indefinite pitch can't measure frequency Pitch range lowest-highest achieved Interval distance between pitches/notes Lowest in Western is step (piano) Whole step white keys Thirds = skips Tri-tone divides major scale in half Dynamics volume (loudness/softness), not exact measurement mf mezzo forte medium loud mp mezzo piano medium soft p piano soft (pp) f forte loud (ff, fff) crescendo gradually get louder < decrescendo gradually get softer > accent note louder Tone color tambre Rhythm beat, timing, tempo, base, repetition Beat dividing musical time, not always noticeable Meter accent, stress on certain beats Duple. Triple (waltz), quadruple (on 1 and 3) Compound meter 6-8 2 groups of 3 Irish jig or West Side Story Syncopation off the beat Jazz, swing, blues Tempo related to rhythm and time Relative speed Metronome 40-208 normal Allegro, adagio faster Lento, grave slower Gradually faster accelerando Gradually slower deaccelerando Melody "good sound," organization in pitches/timing Phrases Culturally defined ...
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- Summer '06