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July 5 notes - July 5 2006 Pitch highness/lowness of sound...

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July 5, 2006 u Pitch – highness/lowness of sound Not specific to music Frequency of vibration (Hz) Standard tuning = 440 Hz (A) Indefinite pitch – can’t measure frequency Pitch range – lowest-highest achieved Interval – distance between pitches/notes Lowest in Western is ½ step (piano) Whole step – white keys Thirds = skips Tri-tone – divides major scale in half u Dynamics – volume (loudness/softness), not exact measurement mf – mezzo forte – medium loud mp – mezzo piano – medium soft p – piano – soft (pp) f – forte – loud (ff, fff) crescendo – gradually get louder < decrescendo – gradually get softer > accent – note louder u Tone color – tambre
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