S01_intro_quantitative_analysis.pdf - Quantitative Language...

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Quantitative Language DataAnalysisIntroduction
PhilosophyMentalismStructuralismImmaterialismTrend of 20C linguisticsMethods of linguistic investigationUtilize linguists’ own linguistic knowledgeon a language through introspection andself invented examples as evidence“True object of linguistic investigation is someinvariable structureorinnate linguistic competence“No rigorous empirical methodology“FrequencyProbability2"Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo""Colorless green ideas sleep furiously"
Trend of 20C linguistics (2)“Largegroups of people make up all theirutterances out of thesame stock of lexicalforms and grammatical constructions. Alinguistic observer therefore can describe thespeech-habits of a communitywithoutresorting to statisticsBloomfield (1935)I think we are forced to conclude thatgrammar is autonomous and independentof meaning, and thatprobabilistic modelsgive no particular insightinto some of thebasic problems of syntactic structureChomsky (1957)It must be recognized that the notion ofaprobability of a sentence is an entirelyuseless one, under any interpretation ofthisterm”Chomsky (1969)
Change of trends:usage-based approach

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Term
Fall
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todd
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