Paper 1 - 1 Enos Krystin Goldblatt David MUL 2010 Paper 1...

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Enos, Krystin July 14, 2006 Goldblatt, David MUL 2010 – Paper 1 Word Count: 1,306 Music can be likened to a tapestry in the sense that it encompasses many smaller aspects to create something extraordinary. Musical elements weave in and out of each other much as the patterns of the threads of a colorful tapestry. These elements include pitch, dynamics, tone color, rhythm, and notation. Further exploration is required in order to appreciate the miraculous depth of the music that we hear and love. The first element we will delve in to is pitch. Pitch is defined as the relative highness or lowness that we hear in a sound. Differences in pitch are the result of differences in the frequencies of the sound waves that are created. Frequency is measure in cycles per second with a unit of hertz (Hz). The higher the frequency, the higher the pitch with the opposite being true for lower frequencies and lower pitches. Related to pitch is the element of tone. Tone is defined as a sound with a definite pitch. The frequency is able to be measured with a definite number such as 440 cycles per second. Tone can be found in the keys of a piano, or the tuning note for an ensemble. Tones are repeated along a scale, though they will sound different because they have different pitches. An interval is the distance between any two tones, a specific type of interval called an octave, separates two tones that sound very much alike. Scales usually span an octave. 1
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Dynamics are what link pitch and tone. Defined as the loudness or softness of the music, dynamics are related to the amplitude of the sound waves. The larger the amplitude, the louder the sound is. Many classical pieces or orchestra or band arrangements include the gradual increase or decrease in sound. A crescendo is when the sound is gradually getting louder and a decrescendo is when the sound is gradually getting softer. A crescendo is marked in sheet music as an elongated “less than” sign that
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Paper 1 - 1 Enos Krystin Goldblatt David MUL 2010 Paper 1...

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