special-forces-uw-tc-18-01

2 17 governments providing support to an insurgency

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Unformatted text preview: e beneficial interests or common ideology with the insurgency. Ethnic enclaves or diasporas in third-party countries can provide significant support in terms of political voice, money, personnel, and sanctuary. 2-18. With external support comes a degree of dependency on the foreign power. Insurgencies can view this as a disadvantage because the foreign power can then attempt to control or manipulate the insurgency to better serve its goals. To counterbalance the loss of the support from sympathetic foreign governments since the end of the Cold War, many groups have resorted to alliances with organized crime groups, narcotics trafficking, and kidnapping to raise funds. This tactic has proven extremely effective for generating revenue, but counterproductive to the original goals of the movements. PHASING AND TIMING 2-19. Successful insurgencies pass through common phases of development. Not all insurgencies experience every phase, and progression through all phases is not a requirement for success. The same insurgent movement may be in different phases in separate regions of a country. Successful insurgencies can also revert to an earlier phase when under pressure, resuming development when favorable conditions return. A common failure of insurgencies and counterinsurgencies is the inability to adapt tactics when transitioning from one phase of a strategy to another. 2-20. The three-phase construct presented below is a historical representation of how insurgencies mature. An extremely useful template allows planners to communicate precisely an insurgency’s stage of development. Phase I—Latent or Incipient Phase 2-21. During this phase, the leadership of the resistance develops the clandestine supporting infrastructure upon which all future effort will rely. The resistance organization uses a variety of subversive techniques to prepare the population psychologically to resist. Some techniques include propaganda, demonstrations, boycotts, and sabotage. Subversive activities frequently occur in an organized pattern...
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This document was uploaded on 01/15/2014.

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