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Unformatted text preview: amics of an insurgency. JP 3-24 includes
internal support and organizational and operational patterns. FM 3-24, Counterinsurgency, lists six
dynamics of an insurgency. FM 3-24 does not include organization and operational patterns. However, SF
continue to use organization as one of the dynamics of an insurgency to understand the form, function and
logic of insurgent movements.
2-7. Seven dynamics are common to most successful insurgencies. These dynamics provide a framework
for planners to analyze insurgencies. It is some combination of these dynamics that will generally
transform popular disconnect into an organized and effective movement. LEADERSHIP
2-8. A group committing random political violence is not an insurgency. In an insurgency, the group is
committing directed and focused political violence. It requires leadership to provide vision, direction,
guidance, coordination, and organizational coherence. The insurgency leaders must make their cause
known to the people and gain popular support. Their key tasks are to break the ties between the people and
the government and to establish credibility for their movement. The leaders must replace the government’s 30 November 2010 TC 18-01 2-3 Chapter 2 legitimacy with that of their own. Their ability to serve as a catalyst that motivates and inspires others to
have faith in their cause is vital to the movement’s growth. Their ability to organize and willingness to
distribute power across the organization is vital to the long-term success of the movement. Organizations
dependent upon key charismatic personalities to provide cohesion and motivation for the movement are
vulnerable to disruptions if the enemy removes or co-opts those players. Figure 2-2. Structure of an insurgency or resistance movement IDEOLOGY
2-9. The insurgents must have a program that justifies its actions in relation to the movement’s grievances
and explains what is wrong with the status quo. The most important aspect of a successful insurgency...
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This document was uploaded on 01/15/2014.
- Winter '14