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Unformatted text preview: November 2010 Fundamentals of Resistance and Insurgency CLANDESTINE RESISTANCE
2-2. People who outwardly follow their normal mode of existence conduct clandestine resistance. This
type of resistance is organized and controlled and conducts the following activities as groups and
individuals: Political action. Propaganda. Espionage. Sabotage. Traffic in contraband. Intelligence gathering. OVERT RESISTANCE
2-3. Individuals and groups who train along military lines perform overt resistance. Planners refer to this
militant arm of the resistance movement as the guerrilla force. These elements make no secret of their
existence or their objectives. However, resistance leaders compartmentalize the specific relationship of the
guerrilla force to other components of the resistance movement to prevent compromise of the entire
2-4. Each insurgency or resistance movement has its own unique characteristics based upon its strategic
objectives, operational environment, and available resources. Insurgencies normally seek to change the
existing social order and reallocate power within the country. Typical insurgent goals include: Removal of the established governing authority, whether an indigenous regime or occupying
military power. Establishment of an autonomous national territory within the borders of a state. Extraction of political concessions that the movement cannot attain through nonviolent means.
2-5. The structure of an insurgency or resistance movement is similar to an iceberg (Figure 2-2,
page 2-4). Most of the structure is below the surface, and only the peak is visible. In building a resistance
structure, insurgent leaders give principal attention to the development of a clandestine supporting
infrastructure. This infrastructure works— Among the citizens in rural villages, towns, and urban cities. Within the military, police, and administrative apparatus of government. Among labor groups and students. DYNAMICS OF SUCCESSFUL INSURGENCIES
2-6. JP 3-24, Counterinsurgency Operations, lists eight dyn...
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