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Unformatted text preview: is similar to its order of battle. From
its outset, the organization has a concept of its development based on its goals. Although there are
numerous traditional models for insurgencies (for example, conspiratorial, military-focused, urban,
protracted popular war, or terror-based [not a methodology supported as a U.S. option]), the planner must
avoid following a famous model without considering the way that model worked for its historical
environment and if the model is appropriate for the current problem set. The structure of the organization
largely depends on the available resources, security threat, and population distribution. All insurgencies are
unique and rarely follow one model exclusively. It is unlikely the structure would resemble a uniform 30 November 2010 TC 18-01 2-7 Chapter 2 organization, such as the military, in which all units look relatively the same. Function takes precedence
over form. Planners must understand the organization’s— Various subordinate components and their orientation. Commands—down to the lowest tactical level. Supporting infrastructure.
2-31. The organization’s most important component level is the local level, where it obtains and sustains
support and manifests actions. Echelons above the local level coordinate all functions (political, military,
external support, and so on). Overall command provides purpose and direction. THE COMPONENTS OF AN INSURGENCY
2-32. There are three components of an insurgency. The underground is always present and is the first
component of the insurgency to form. Goals and objectives of the insurgency will determine the level of
development of the— Underground. Auxiliary. Guerrillas. THE UNDERGROUND
2-33. The underground is a cellular organization within the resistance movement or insurgency that has the
ability to conduct operations in areas that are inaccessible to guerrillas, such as urban areas under the
control of the local security forces. The underground can function in these areas because it operat...
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This document was uploaded on 01/15/2014.
- Winter '14