Their level of complexity is proportional to the

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Unformatted text preview: y situation is a combination of the ability of the guerrillas to receive warning of an enemy advance, the ability of the enemy to project force to the base area, and the ability of the guerrillas to conceal their signature from all means of enemy detection. Guerrilla leaders should locate bases in terrain that HN counterguerrilla forces cannot easily access, such as restrictive rural or urban terrain. In environments that lack suitable restrictive physical terrain, certain urban environments can serve as guerrilla base locations. Densely populated urban enclaves that are sympathetic to the guerrilla cause can present an obstacle to counterguerrilla forces. Unlike actual restrictive physical terrain that always restricts the enemy’s ability to attack, urban restrictive terrain only serves its purpose while counterguerrilla forces remain unwilling to assume the physical and political risk of entering the enclave. The security of the guerrilla camp comes from two bands of protection, which planners refer to as bizonal security (Figure 2-10, page 2-15). Inner Security Zone 2-49. The inner security zone encompasses normal camp security measures found in any military encampment. These measures consist of static guard and sentry positions, flank observation posts, and roving patrols. These measures provide a layer of physical protection and early warning to the potential surprise of an advancing enemy patrol or attack. The security elements have a coordinated means of signaling and communicating with the main base, as well as clear instructions that dictate how they will respond to different threats. Bases have emergency procedures to respond to enemy attacks. These procedures include plans for rapid evacuation and withdrawal, as well as possible dispersal of the main body while a dedicated guerrilla element remains behind to temporarily delay any enemy penetration. Fighting positions, obstacles, command-detonated or personnel-initiated mines, preestablished ambush positions, mortars, explosives, or traps along probable enemy vehicular and personnel avenues of approach may support the defense plans. It is essential that the guerrillas avoid becoming decisively engaged while carrying out t...
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