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Above I used the phrase `prescribed style of speaking', and throughout this
paper I will refer to the object/product of linguistic regulation as a `style'. At this
# Blackwell Publishers Ltd. 2000 d:/3socio/4-3/cameron.3d ± 29/6/0 ± 21:5 ± disk/mp STYLING THE WORKER 325 point it is helpful to clarify what I mean by the term style and how the
phenomena discussed below ®t into ongoing discussions of style in sociolinguistics.
STYLE, STYLING, STYLIZATION
Classically in the variationist paradigm of sociolinguistics, `styles' were de®ned
along an axis of formality: an increase in the formality of the situation leads to
increased self-monitoring by the speaker and therefore, in the typical case, to
rising frequencies of prestige variants in that speaker's output (cf. Labov 1972).
Over time, however, there has been a tendency to adopt a less monodimensional
view of style and of the meanings or eects produced by stylistic variation. An
example of the more multidimensional approach is Allan Bell's in¯uential
theory of style as `audience design' (Bell 1984, 1997) in which it is argued
that stylistic choices are primarily motivated by the speaker's assessment of the
eect certain ways of speaking...
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2014 for the course ANTHRO 33 taught by Professor Wertheim during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.
- Spring '08
- The Land