Unformatted text preview: will have on particular addressees. Bell's account
is informed by accommodation theory (e.g. Giles and Powesland 1975):
audience design commonly takes the form of convergence towards the addressee's way of speaking (for empirical examples see Bell 1984; Coupland
1984). However, Bell also notes the existence of what he calls `initiative' (as
opposed to `responsive') styleshift, and of cases in which `the individual speaker
makes creative use of language resources often from beyond the immediate
speech community' (Bell 1997: 248). An instance which has attracted
attention in recent sociolinguistic research is the phenomenon of `crossing'
(Rampton 1995) ± appropriating linguistic features that index an identity
which is in some salient way `other' (as with the use of variants marked as
Black by speakers who are themselves white; see Bucholtz 1999; Cutler 1999).
Crossing is rarely a case of convergence towards the immediate addressee (more
usually it reproduces features associated with an absent reference group ± not
uncommonly one whose speech...
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2014 for the course ANTHRO 33 taught by Professor Wertheim during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.
- Spring '08
- The Land