Duranti1997_Greetings

In this case the structure of the exchange is 5 a b

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Unformatted text preview: Inspection" tape mentioned above: (4) [Inspection: The committee members, including Afoa, a chief, and Taia'i, an orator, arrive at the orator Taipfs family compound and see Taipfs wife Si'Uima.] 1 Afoa: 2 3 Si'ilima: 4 5 Afoa: 6 Tflla'i: 7 8 9 Tola'i: mild Si'ilima! Congratulations/hello Si'ilima! (0.5) maid! Congratulations/hello! (0.5) 'ua lelei mea 'uma! Everything is fine! r L mangaia— (03) mangaia le-17 (05) le fangua:— Nice—the land looks nice— Si'ilima Si'Uima (2.5) fea le koeainga? Where (is) the old man? [ ...] Here, line 1 contains the first pair part, and line 3 contains the second pair part. In this case, the structure of the exchange is: (5) A: B: mild + Name (first pair part) mild (second pair part) In other cases, we might find more complex turns not only with names but also with titles and intensifiers (e.g., lava 'much, indeed'). (6) [Inspection] Tflla'i: mild ali'i Faikaumakau! (mild + address + title) Congratulations, Mr. Faitaumatau! Faitaumatau: mild lava. Much congratulations. (mild + intensifier) In most cases, the exchange is initiated by the arriving party. This makes sense if we interpret this use of maid as a greeting as an extension of the use of malo as an expression of congratulation to someone who is engaged in a 76 Journal of Linguistic Anthropology task or has just successfully completed one. In the latter case, called the "malt exchange" in Duranti and Ochs (1986), the first maid recognizes one party's work or activity and the second maid recognizes the role played by the supporter(s) (tapua'i). The second maid in this case is usually followed by the adverb (intensifier) fo'i 'quite, also', which further underscores the reciprocity of the exchange. Differently from the greeting maid, the complimenting maid typically occurs in the middle of an interaction; hence it does not conform to thefirsttwo criteria described above (near-boundary occurrence and establishment of a shared perceptual field). But when the complimenting mold does occur at the beginning of an encounter, it can function as both a compliment and a greeting. An example of this use of maid is provided in excerpt (7), where the woman Amelia surprises the inspecting committee (see the "repair" particle 'oi in Chief Afoa's response) by initiating the interaction with a congratulating "malo." This mild is followed by the display of the reason for her congratulations, namely, their "inspecting" or "visiting." (le asiasi is the nominalization of the predicate asiasi 'visit, inspecf.18) (7) [Inspection] Amelia: maid 3 le asiasi! congratulations Emp Art visit Congratulations indeed (for) the inspecting! Tula'i: 'oi!//malo! oh! II congratulations! Chief Afoa: mils fo'i. Congratulations also (to you). Tala'i: 'ua 'ou iloa::1 realize that— Amelia: pulengu'u ma oukou kofa i le komiki! mayor and you-all honorable (orators) in the committee (To the) mayor and you honorable (orators) in the committee! Tala'i: mslo / / lava is ke 'oe le kings! congratulations Emph to you the mother Congratulations indee...
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