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1985 Kingship and Sacrifice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Youssouf, Ibrahim Ag, Allen D. Grimshaw, and Charles S. Bird
1976 Greetings in the Desert. American Ethnologist 3:797-824. 96 Journal of Linguistic Anthropology Appendix Transcription Conventions
All Samoan examples are taken from transcripts of s pontaneous interactions recorded b y the author in Western Samoa at different times between
1978 a nd 1988. In the transcripts presented i n the article, I a dopt the
conventions introduced b y Gail Jefferson for c onversation analysis (see
Sacks e t al. 1974), with a f ew modifications. [Inspection]
=[ (I can't do)
(??) (( ))
o:: A n ame in brackets before the text of a n example refers to the
name of t he transcript.
Speakers' names (or general descriptors) are separated from
their utterances by c olons.
A q uestion mark instead of a n ame indicates that n o g ood
guess could b e m ade as to the identity of the speaker.
Repeated question marks indicate additional unidentified
A q uestion mark before the name of the speaker stands for a
probable, but not safe, guess.
Numbers between parentheses indicate length of p auses i n
seconds and tenths of s econds.
A square bracket between turns indicates the point at w hich
overlap b y another speaker starts.
The equal signs indicate that t wo utterances are latched immediately to o ne another with n o p ause.
The equal signs before a square bracket between turns signals
that the utterance above and the o ne below are both latched
to the prior one.
Talk between parentheses represents the b est guess of a
stretch of talk which was difficult to hear.
Parentheses with question marks indicate uncertain or unclear talk of approximately the l ength of the blank spaces
Material between double parentheses provides extralinguistic information.
An ellipsis between square brackets indicate that parts of the
original transcript or example have been omitted or that the
transcript starts or ends in the middle of further talk.
Parallel slashes are an alternative symbol indicating point of
Colons, single or double, indicate lengthening of the sound
they follow. Universal and Culture-Specific Properties of Greetings Abbreviations in Interlinear Glosses Art = article; Comp = complementizer; Emp = emphatic particle; incl =
inclusive; Perf = perfective aspect marker; pi = plural (as opposed to singular or dual); Pres = present tense; Voc = vocative particle.
"Good Speech" and "Bad Speech"
Samoan has two phonological registers, called by S...
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