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Unformatted text preview: s discussed here. They are made
of two main parts, a first pair part, the "welcoming," and a second pair part,
[RESPONSE] Each of these two parts may, in turn, be divided in two major subcomponents, a predicate and an address.
a. Welcoming predicate
b. Address RESPONSE
a. Responding predicate
b. Address The welcoming predicates recognize the arrival of the new party and
welcome him or her into the house. They are the same predicates that in
different contexts function as verbs of motion meaning "arrive, come." 77 78 Journal of Linguistic Anthropology A list of some such verbs is given in Table 1, with information relative to
the specific social status indexed by each term. Whereas maliu and sosopo
are said to (and imply that the addressee is) an orator (tulafale), the verb afio
is used with (and implies that the addressee is) a chief (ali'i). The deictic
particle trial, which accompanies all of them, expresses an action toward the
speaker or, more precisely, toward the deictic center (see Platt 1982), which
in all the cases discussed here is the totality of the shared space already
occupied by the welcoming party and defined according to the physical
shape of the house (see Duranti 1992a).
Welcoming predicates used during ceremonial greetings (CGs)
Samoan term English translation
<chief or orator>a
This particular verb is used with the holders of titles descending from the high
chief Malietoa and can be used with either a chief or an orator. It is also the most
commonly used term for high status individuals w ho are not matai, e.g. pastors,
school teachers, doctors, government officials. It is thus often used as an "unmarked" term w hen one is not sure of the social identity of the addressee or when
one knows that the addressee does not have a title but wishes to treat him or her
with deference. In my living experience in a Samoan village I moved from being
addressed with susa max in the earlier stages to more specific terms such as afio max
later on in my stay. maliu max
susu max The responding predicate exhibits less variation and is often omitted. The
address is the most complex part and the one that allows for more variation.
It can also be repeated when the speaker differentiates among the addressees:
a. Address form
b. Generic title
c. Name (specific) title
d. Ceremonial attributes (taken from fd'alupenga19) The address may have up to these four parts. The address form (see Table
2) shows distinctions similar to the ones found in the welcoming predicates.
Some of the forms are in fact nominalizations of those predicates. The
distinction between what I call a generic title and a name title is found only
in some cases. In the village of Falefi, where I conducted my research, there
were two orator title names (Iuli and Moe'ono) that also had a generic title,
Marua, which I have elsewhere translated a...
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2014 for the course ANTHRO 33 taught by Professor Wertheim during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.
- Spring '08
- The Bible