Unformatted text preview: anderveken claim to be discussing the English verb
greet, as shown by the following quote, they in fact treat greet and hello as part of the
"Greet" is only marginally an illocutionary act since it has no prepositional
content. When one greets someone [but usually one does not greet by using the
verb greet! A.D.], for example, by saying "Hello," one indicates recognition in a
courteous fashion. So we might define greeting as a courteous indication of
recognition, with the presupposition that the speaker has just encountered the
3. Austin defined behabitives as "reactions to other people's behaviour and
fortunes and . . . attitudes and expressions of attitudes to someone else's past
conduct or imminent conduct" (1962:159).
4. By ethnography I mean here the study of human action within a particular
community through participant-observation of spontaneous encounters for the
purpose of gaining an understanding of the participants' perspective on what is
going on in such encounters. For a review of ethnographic methods applied to the
study of verbal interaction, see Duranti (1997a: ch. 4).
5. Italians use ciao for both opening and closing salutations.
6. This statement is ambiguous. It should be understood as meaning either one
of the following scenarios: (i) in a given speech community, the same verbal
expression may be used in both greeting (viz. opening saluation) and leave-taking;
or (ii) a greeting item can exhaust the encounter and in that sense function as both
an opening and closing expression. An example of the first situation is the word
ciao as used in Italy. An example of the second situation is the English question
"How're you doing?" when it is not followed by an answer.
7. The use of the notion of perceptual field allows for the inclusion of visual and
auditory access. The issue of technologies that allow for nonreal time communication (writing in general) is left out of the present discussion. (But see Duranti 1986
for a brief discussion of greetings in electronic mail.)
8. Philips (1972:377) used the notion participant structure in referring to structural
arrangements of interaction. For the related notion of "participation framework/'
see Goffman 1981:226 and M. H. Goodwin 1990.
9. I am avoiding here the term Samoan society, given the existence of many
communities around the world where Samoan is regularly spoken, including two
independent countries, Western Samoa and American Samoa, each of which with
different kinds of language policies and language practices, including different
levels of bilingualism.
10. July 1978-July 1979, March-May 1981, August 1988.
11. As I said earlier, these four types of greetings do not exhaust the typology of
Samoan greetings. There is at least one more possible candidate, the informal" 'ua
'e sau?" (Have you come?), said to someone who has just come into the house. (For
a similar greeting in Tikopia, see Firth 1972.) The lack of personal experience with
this greeting and the absence of examples of th...
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2014 for the course ANTHRO 33 taught by Professor Wertheim during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.
- Spring '08
- The Bible